Thursday, January 16, 2020

Principles on which vicarious liability is based Essay

The doctrine of vicarious liability is based on principles which can be summed up in the following two maxims : (a) Qui facit per alium facit per se :- The maxim means, ‘he who acts through another is deemed in deemed in law as doing it himself’. The master’s responsibility for the servant’s act had also its origins in this principle. The reasoning is that a person who puts another in his place to do a class of acts in his absence, necessarily leaves to determine, according to the circumstances that arise, when an act of that class is to be done and trust him for the manner in which it is done; consequently he is answerable for the wrong of the person so entrusted either in the manner of doing such an act, or in doing such an act under circumstances in which it ought not to have been done ; provided what is done is not done from any caprice of the servant but in the course of the employment. (b) Respondeat superior :- Another maxim usually referred to in this connection is respondeat superior, i.e., the superior must be responsible or let the principal be liable. In such cases not only he who obeys but also he who commands becomes equally liable. This rule has its origin in the legal presumption that all acts done by the servant in and about his master’s business are done by his master’s express or implied authority and are, in truth, the act of the master. The master is answerable for every such wrong of the servant as is committed in the course of his service, though no express command or privity is proved. Similarly, a principal and agent are jointly and severally liable as joint wrong-doers for any tort authorised by the former and committed by the latter. (c) Modern view :- In recent times, however, the doctrine of vicarious liability is justified on the principle other than that embodied in the above-mentioned maxims. It is now believed that the underlying idea of this doctrine is that of expediency and public policy. Salmond has rightly remarked in this connection that â€Å"there is one idea which is found in the judgements from the time of Sir John Holt to that of Lord Goddard, namely, public policy.† The view of Lord Pearce can be quoted here with approval, which he expressed in Imperial Chemical Industries, Ltd v. Shatwell â€Å"The doctrine of vicarious liability has not grown from any very clear, logical or legal principle but from social convenience and rough justice. The master having (presumably for his own benefit) employed the servants, and being (presumably) better able to make good any damage which may occasionally result from the arrangement, is answerable to the world at large for all torts committed by his servant within the scope of it.† In the words of Winfield, this may not satisfy the jurist or the logician, but it probably represents the prevailing stage of legal opinion on the matter and though the future may bring further extensions of vicarious liability, it is inconceivable that a serious proposal for its abolition will be made so long as the law of tort as we know it remains alive.1 View as multi-pages

Wednesday, January 8, 2020

The Potential Effects of Developing Technology Essay

Technology is a tool created by the human race to enhance its ability to learn and grow as a collective group. Humans taper these tools, created through technological process, to their uniquely specific needs. Technology, when used in a morally sound way, can have immense benefits that help a culture grow and develop effectively as demonstrated by the society in Aldous Huxley’s novel Brave New World; however technology can be a double edged sword in the sense that it has the power to destroy as demonstrated in Arthur C. Clarke’s novel 2001 A Space Odyssey. When this is coupled with its own unreliability, technology can be a challenge for those who seek to control and master its enigmas. Technology does not have the ability to choose†¦show more content†¦a shield {with} the World State’s motto: Community, Identity, Stability, (Aldous Huxley p1). In this fictional account of Earth, technology is used to keep people safe and orderly. The motto refers to t he way people live and interact in the society. Everyone feels wanted and included making society a safe and stable place for everyone to learn and grow. No one is abandoned; everyone has a place where they belong. Through the use of technology, an individual or a group of people can work together to bring themselves into a new era of prosperity and security. Technology has the potential to be greatly rewarding to those who choose to use it in good conscience but if those people were to use technology in a less responsible way then there could be daunting consequences looming in the distance. Everyone has their own opinion of how technology should be used and in which direction it should be allowed to progress. These varying ideals create friction between the different factions that control technology. Eventually these varying views on the use of technology lead to conflict. In the final moments of Arthur C. Clark’s 2001 A Space Odyssey, The United States and The Soviet Union nearly destroyed all life on Earth with the technology they had at their disposal. â€Å"A thousand miles below, he {Star Child} became awareShow MoreRelatedEssay on Product Marketing Failure: HP Drive769 Words   |  4 Pagesattempt to increase the market share with in the digital memory division (DMD) of Hewlett-Packard, management decided to analyze the potential profitability of developing a 1.3† drive that would surpass the current technology within this continually growing market. Teams comprised of the best and brightest employees, within the organization, were tasked with devel oping this new product from the ground up. After successfully delivering on their goals, the new drive was ready for the customer. InitialRead MoreGlobalization Essay1402 Words   |  6 Pagestoday. Its effects can be felt throughout the world in industrialized and developing nations alike. The â€Å"process of globalization is so pervasive that it affects all businesses,† (Lawrence Weber, 2014, p. 71). The benefits of globalization are apparent to organizations and nations such as reduction in poverty and benefits to consumers. But globalization must be properly balanced with a covential pledge to care for one another. Run amuck, globalization can facilitate negative effects on the environmentRead MoreEvaluation of Genetically Modified Foods Essay example684 Words   |  3 Pagesunderstanding of genetics. Many recognised that this new knowledge had the potential to revolutionise food production, creating huge benefits for the world. GM food promises to provide enormous benefits. Many modified crops could boost prosperity in the developing world and provide new choices for consumers. But there are huge risks involved in tampering with natures code. GM foods could have unpredictable effects on the environment and on our health. The debate surrounding geneticallyRead More Access to Information - The Widening Gap Essay example1268 Words   |  6 Pagescountries and developing nations. Optimists feel that the internet and information it carries brings potential to societies of developing nations but pessimists feel that the internet offers no new potential for developing nations but rather it reinforces existing divisions of inequality. Various positive and negative outlooks will be delved into in this essay to give a broader perspective of the scenario of the global digital divide. One could also very well argue that information technology will notRead MoreGlobalization And Its Effect On Society1240 Words   |  5 PagesGlobalization and the use of new technologies and how it strengthens or weakens global inequalities Globalization is a very important force in the new world and it continues to impact the lives of individuals as well as groups world over. The role and affect of globalization has broadened over time. It has resulted in the lessening of trade barriers, integration of the economy of the world, increase in opportunities for groups and individuals alike and an increase in the economic well being andRead MoreBiotechnology : Genetic Optimization Of Plant Genome And Development Of Biofuel1096 Words   |  5 Pagesengineering and reconstruction, the application of CRISPR-Cas technology in the realm of biotechnology remains predominantly in following directions: optimizing agricultural crops, researching plant genome, and developing sustainable and accessible biofuel which relies on the exploration of new biological pathways in algae and corn (Hsu, Lander, Zhang, 2014; Jacobs, LaFayette, Schmitz, Parrott, 2015). We herein present several common features in developing transgenic plants from research reports of classicRead MoreGenetically Modified Food and Traditional Crossbreeding Essay599 Words   |  3 Pagesor evil. Even though GMOs are looked at notoriously, they hold the potential to help many people in different ways in all aspects of life. As will be focused on, consumers and farmers of different types of agriculture are quick to judge the gradual introduction of GMOs, or genetically modified organisms, into the food we consume daily. What a large portion of these consumers are not aware of, however, are the benefits and potential benefits that GMOs can present to society should they be approvedRead MoreAdvancements Of Invasive Surgery ( Mis ) Essay1165 Words   |  5 Pagesfrontrunner in developing the manufacturing processes and licensing the technology for this emerging market. MEM is a manufacturer of an assortment of modern medical devices. The company sees potential in developing manufacturing processes for the technology that can place an artificial socket with precision during hip implants. However, the expenses involved are cause for concern. The success of the product is also not guaranteed; moreover, MEM will have to consider the potential for competitorsRead MoreTechnology Integrated into Agroforestry Systems Provides Multiple Benefits for Rural Counties 1478 Words   |  6 PagesTechnology Integrated into Agroforestry Systems Provides Multiple Benefits for Rural Counties Introduction Mankind survival has been supported by various revolutions (agricultural, industrial etc.) for continuous growth and expansion on Earth. Our natural resources are being exhausted from population increase. Food availability is a necessity that will become harder to obtain. The future will rely on applying technology to support population increase. Utilizing new developing technologies intoRead MorePneumonia Is A Major Global Health Issue, Affecting Approximately1546 Words   |  7 Pagesper year worldwide. It is commonly caused by the bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae and disproportionately affects developing countries and people subject to poor living conditions. Within that demographic, children under the age of 5 and elderly people over the age of 65 are particularly vulnerable, with the majority of pneumonia-related deaths occurring in these age groups. These effects of the disease are in part due to limited access to medical care. Shortages of doctors and medication as well as

Tuesday, December 31, 2019

Greek Mythology Greek Gods And Goddesses - 1577 Words

Greek Mythology In my research I have learned an addition of facts and stories about Greek mythology. Like how â€Å"the Pegasus and Chrysor came from the blood of Medusa’s head after Perseus cut it off† (Greek Mythology). Or how the â€Å"Amazonian group of warriors was all females† (Greek Mythology). The more that I have research about my topic the more fascinating and interesting it becomes. I hope that everyone will further their research and knowledge on this topic whether it’s reading a book, researching on the Internet, or even just watching a movie. In this paragraph will be information on Greek Gods and Goddesses. There was a governing body for the Grecians. This mythological group was very important. They were usually the reason for war and many believed that they were so superior that they would bring disease and death upon others that they dislike or the people that would try to out shine them. They were called The Olympians. There were twelve Olympians, however before I name them there actually were 13, but Hestia gave up her position for Dionysus. There was Zeus, Poseidon, Hermes, Hephatus, Hera, Demeter, Aphrodite, Athena, Artimes, Dionysus, Aries (Ares or Aris), and Apollo.† (Greek Gods and Goddesses) There was one other God that is also very important to the Olympians. His name was Hades and he was the God of the Dead. He was not considered an Olympian though because he was always to be in the Underworld. Hades had one day decided that he wanted a partner howeverShow MoreRelatedGreek Mythology : Gods And Goddesses 1972 Words   |  8 Pages Carine Kessie ENG 2010-29 Van De Water April 21, 2017 Greek Mythology: Gods and Goddesses The ancients Greeks were polytheistic which means they used to worship many gods. In the past, Greek gods and goddesses used to live at the top of Mount Olympus, the highest mountain in Greece. However, despite their great powers, gods and goddesses were much like humans, and sometimes they had to come down to hearth to intervene in the affairs of mortals, involving men and women, enemies, and sometimes loversRead MoreGreek Mythology : Gods And Goddesses1725 Words   |  7 Pages2017 Greek Mythology: Gods and Goddesses, The ancients Greeks were polytheistic which means they used to worship many gods. Greek gods and goddesses used to live at the top of Mount Olympus, the highest mountain in Greece. However, despite their great powers, gods and goddesses were much like humans, and sometimes they had to come down to hearth to get involved and intervened in the affairs of mortals, involving with men and women as patrons, enemies, and sometimes lovers. Greek mythology describedRead MoreGreek And Roman Mythology881 Words   |  4 PagesGreek and Roman Mythology Since the dawn of time, different societies have worshiped gods, believing in their power and being afraid of their fury. People have prayed and made sacrifices in order to achieve the gods mercy and generosity. They believed that, if the gods are in good mood, they will provide people with good weather conditions for growing crops. People needed explanations for different natural phenomena, such as rain, drought, lightning, thunder and earthquake. So, ancient people believedRead MoreGreek And Roman Painting And Floor Mosaic Essay1228 Words   |  5 PagesAs a student in ARH 270: Introduction to Ancient Art in Greek and Roman Mural Painting and Floor Mosaic, I have developed a greater understanding of art in the ancient Mediterranean world, in regards to ancient Rome and Greece. For the Fall 2016 semester, some of the knowledge that I have gained includes being able to visually analyze a work of art in its historical context. For instance, I have learned to visualize the artwork, Th is includes, but is not limited to style, technique, relation to previousRead MoreComparing Roman And Greek Mythology1354 Words   |  6 Pages Roman Vs. Greek Mythology Roman and Greek mythology are full of complexities. Much of Greek and Roman everyday life revolved around these myths. Many similarities are obvious between Roman and Greek mythology because the Romans borrowed a significant amount of their myths and gods from the Greeks. Although Roman and Greek mythology have a few components in common, they also have many various aspects that cause differences in their cultures. First of all; values, morals, traditionsRead MoreGreek Gods and Goddess875 Words   |  4 PagesThe Greek Gods: Ancient vs. Modern Views According to ancient Greek mythology the Greek gods and goddesses had at one time lived the savage, brutal and ugly life of humans. Eventually, however, they managed to rise above this ancient fierceness to become the nineteen elder gods and goddesses the Greeks knew as The Titans, who ruled the earth in a primordial era before the Olympian gods overthrew them. The ancient Greeks of the first millennium before the Christian era believedRead MoreWomen Of Ancient Greek Mythology Essay1535 Words   |  7 Pagesin Ancient Greece. Throughout Greek mythology, women were considered inferior and troublesome symbols, while men were known for courage, leadership, and strength. While there is no argument of the flagrant sexism that is illustrated in Greek mythology, it can also be claimed that women were given a situated position of freedom, necessity, and power as well. Many popular Greek plays and myths contain several complexes and well described female characters. These goddesses themselves, partook the roleRead MoreThe Gods of Greek Mythology Essay1325 Words   |  6 PagesIn Greek Mythology, perhaps one of the most rudimental yet one of the most important elements are the Greek Gods and Goddesses. The ancient Greeks created the stories about the lives and journeys of the Greek Gods, known as myths, simply as an endeavor to elucidate natur e and all phenomena which were difficult to explain using modern science and logic. These myths about the Gods were spread around the world by explorers and storytellers, and later merged with Greek religion. To this day, numerousRead MoreNorse Mythology vs. Greek Mythology Essay1069 Words   |  5 PagesNorse Mythology vs. Greek Mythology There are many mythologies in the world, and all of these have things in common as well as differences. A very popular mythology would be Greek mythology, Which many people know about it or at least know of it. Another not as popular mythology is Norse mythology; Norse mythology is the religion of the Norse people. The Norse people are the ancient people of northern Europe (Scandinavia, Iceland, Denmark, Northern Germany etc.) (World Book 259). A majorRead MoreEssay on Christianity vs. Greek Mythology1309 Words   |  6 PagesChristians and Greeks. Both have similarities and differences in their religious beliefs that have been compared often and I have chosen to discuss the similarities and differences of Christianity and ancient Greek mythology. Christianity is a monotheistic religion, or belief in only one God, and spiritual practices are based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as written in the New Testament of the Bible, with the role of Jesus as savior and the Son of God. Greek mythology is a polytheistic

Monday, December 23, 2019

The Scarlet Letter The Book vs. the Movie Essay - 1442 Words

The Scarlet Letter: The Book vs. the Movie Demi Moores portrayal of Hester in the movie The Scarlet Letter proved her worth as a feminist actress, which led her to other, more modern female empowerment roles ranging from Striptease to GI Jane. But in the moviemakers attempt to give the story what they might think is a little modern flavor, they barbarously misconstrued the theme, and thus the importance, of a timeless story. In the novel, there can be little doubt that Hester is a strong person, but the movie made her out to be a martyr for womens rights. The female empowerment theme of the movie also inevitably led to the characterization of Christians and their ethics as tyrannical and oppressive because the feminist†¦show more content†¦The movies Hester is far different from the novels Hester, who makes her living by sewing. Sewing was clearly something the moviemakers wanted to get away from because of its connotation as womens work. Hester didnt even stitch the Scarlet A in the movie. It was given to her. In an earlier scene, Hester spies on Dimmesdale while he is skinny dipping in a forest pool. The somber music and flattering camera angles suggest that he is a very sexy creature. Needless to say, this role reversal was also done to appeal to women. By changing the role of women to pursuers and men to sex objects, Hester became a more dominant and powerful character, like a predator stalking her prey. The empowerment of women is not even an issue in the novel, but it is the main theme in the movie. In another added scene, Hester even visits some of the tyranny put on women by men back on Brewster Stonehall in the scene where he tries to rape her. Instead she rapes him symbolically by maliciously driving a candlestick, which is similar in size and shape to a penis, into one of his bodily orifices (his eye), chalking one up for the good gals. Simultaneously, she is proving that she can defend herself without a man. In the final scene of the movie, Hester jumps up into her wagon with Pearl and proclaims thatShow MoreRelated Hawthornes Scarlet Letter vs Scralet Letter the Film Essay611 Words   |  3 PagesHawthornes Scarlet Letter vs Scralet Letter the Film Published in 1850, Nathaniel Hawthorne‘s The Scarlet Letter describes many details of the life of a woman in a Puritan community and her conflict with their beliefs. Immoral events committed were harshly treated in those times; today these situations are dealt with up-to-date solutions. A Hollywood version of the novel was created in 1995 to visually illustrate the story but left room for comparison. Both the book and movie contain similaritiesRead MoreThe Scarlet Letter Vs. Easy1473 Words   |  6 PagesThe Scarlet Letter vs. Easy A To begin with this essay, I will be focusing on two pieces of media. I had recently read a book named The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne and watched a movie called Easy A. People say that Easy A is a good portrayal of The Scarlet Letter. Don t get me wrong, the movie shares some of the same themes and the movie is influenced by the book, but in reality, Easy A is not a good portrayal of The Scarlet Letter. With my opinion aside, there are someRead MoreDr. Mary Shelly s Frankentein And The 1994 Adaptation Of The Novel 1176 Words   |  5 PagesStar Mary Shelly vs Baranagh Mary Shelly’s â€Å"Frankentein† and the 1994 adaptation of the novel have many similarities and also many differences. Differences focus mainly on death and the similarities focus on the plot structure. The similarities override the differences because the overall plot structure stayed the same. The changes of how people died is one major difference that Branagh had taken away from the original novel. In the book, Victors mother dies from scarlet fever that she hasRead More Comparing and Contrasting the Novel and Movie Version of The Scarlet Letter3029 Words   |  13 PagesNovel vs. Film of The Scarlet Letter nbsp; Films of this era are criticized for substituting violence and special effects for substance. Many believe that creating a movie script is a juvenile form of writing, a shrub to the oak of a novel. Upon reading both the novel The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne and viewing the film produced by Roland Joffe, one notices the tremendous effort put into both. This essay will explore the many differences and similarities between the book and movieRead MoreThemes Of Illusion And Reality By Bret Easton Elliss Trainspotting And American Psycho 2248 Words   |  9 Pagesthrough drug use the reality that his addiction has on his life is complete and utterly encompassing. The effect of dialect and narrative effect on the sense of reality vs illusion in both Trainspotting and American psycho were met with strong reactions when released. Accused of glorifying drug use, violence and lacking morals, the books were widely contested. However, it can be argued that it is necessary to depict horror to illustrate the consequences in order to effectively advise against it. It isRead MoreWitness by Peter Weir Notes12043 Words   |  49 Pagesclose ups or long shots in particular sequences. * He or she must also decide how long each shot must remain on the screen, affecting the running time of the film. * Increased Cutting rate – Barn dancing scene: It is used as Eli’s voice breaks Book and Rachel’s romantic moment, and he speaks in German to convey that what is happening is very inappropriate As Rachel walks back to the house, the increased cutting rate emphasises Eli’s fear that Rachel’s behavior may mean that she will be ‘shunned’Read MoreMetz Film Language a Semiotics of the Cinema PDF100902 Words   |  316 PagesSignifying statements should be semenes (p. 26). I have not found an English equivalent for mise en grilles, which refers to a gridlike breakdown of linguistic units and which Taylor translates by pigeon-holing (p. 35). 1990 Preface This book is divided into four sections, and it groups ten chapters corresponding to twelve previously published articles. The disparity between ten and twelve is caused by the fact that Chapter 5 was condensed out of three separate articles. As the title indicates

Saturday, December 14, 2019

Wielding the Sword of Truth Free Essays

There is that famous saying that â€Å"pen is mightier than sword†. A common interpretation to this statement goes like this: a pen is a better weapon, may it be for offense or defense, than any weapon for destruction. But another interpretation is also apt for the statement: the pen of the writer, and the output it produces, shall be able to withstand any blow from any weapon, however destructive, that tries to destroy or repress the ideas it tries to share to the world. We will write a custom essay sample on Wielding the Sword of Truth or any similar topic only for you Order Now Throughout the world, through countries’ experiences of political turmoil and all the civil repression that comes along with most of it, time only seems to lend more and more credibility to this statement. â€Å"Didn’t you know that manuscripts don’t burn? † (Bulgakov, 1967), this is a much-quoted line from Mikhail Bulgakov’s The Master and Margarita. It was spoken by Satan (in the person of a foreign professor/magician named Woland) to The Master, a writer who burned his completed novel in an effort to keep the Soviet authorities from reading it. Being one of Bulgakov’s main theme in the novel, it highlights the important role of writers: observing and writing about the social situation, amidst all the threat of a repressive and controlling government, with the object of sharing to others what the writer has seen and not just putting it away, never to be read, out of fear of arrest or torture—to shed the light of freedom in the darkness of an unfree world. This theme was said to be based on Bulgakov’s personal experience of burning the early version of The Master and Margarita in fear of punishment from Soviet authorities. Thus it can be said that The Master has some autobiographical element from the author itself. The period when the novel was set corresponds to the time that Bulgakov wrote it: 1930’s, with the communist Bolsheviks reigning over all of Soviet Russia, and Stalin as the head of the said ruling party and of the country. This period was characterized by severe government control, not just on the economy, but on almost every move of the citizen of its country. And while in this time Russia is deemed to deliver good results, as it is considered as one of the superpowers of the world, internally, the system is mired with conflict and threat-and-control-subjected citizens. Those people who challenge the status quo and the government’s way of running the country are immediately taken into custody and sent to psikhushka where they are to be imprisoned as to stop them from â€Å"polluting† other people’s minds. Thus, to avoid imprisonment and torture, several writers, Bulgakov included, chose to destroy their deviant literary works. However, in writing the second draft of the novel, and with it having the abovementioned theme, it seems that Bulgakov has realized the futility and repugnancy of destroying one’s own work in favor of a trouble-free existence. This is reflected in the much-quoted line and in Woland’s returning of The Master’s burned novel. The scene and the theme corresponding to it signify the author’s revised stand that a person whose eyes had been opened and exposed to the truth has then the responsibility of spreading this truth to the society, no matter how much that person is to be oppressed. That person has to have the courage to bump through the walls that the oppressors build before them because he/she has been entrusted with a great responsibility. It is cowardly for that person to deny the world of his/her knowledge since with it; the person denies the world the chance to know what they ought to know. At the same time it is cowardly, destroying one’s own truth-revealing work is also futile since even though the output has been destroyed, thus removing any implicating physical evidence of deviance, the idea is still on the person’s, and perhaps of other people’s minds. Bulkagov, upon making the statement about the futility of manuscript burning, sends a hopeful and encouraging message, most especially to writers to shed their fears and rally for truth even amidst the threat of retribution from the authorities who seek to repress the truth by repressing the writers’ and the people’s ideas. Knowing the truth, it is said, is a privilege of everybody. Therefore, those who have initially been exposed to it have to extend this privilege to others—the truth becomes their responsibility. And since this world of ours there are people who try to deny this privilege to persons other than themselves—those autocrats who usually believe that common people deserve to know only what they choose to divulge, however small a peek to the whole picture it is—the truth-knowing person, in this case, the writer needs to whip out his pen and use it as the weapon that shall thwart the repression of truth. True, the pen is mightier than the sword. But the pen is only as strong as the courage and nerve of the writer that wields it. By the bye, a pen is only a pen; a written paper is still only a paper; easily destroyed by fire or any other means, but the idea and observation of a writer, or any person for that matter, remains his/hers alone—irrepressible, and once acknowledged, indestructible by any controlling authority. Unless the writer sharpens his/her pen with courage for the revelation of truth, however sad to say, in that case, the pen shall forever lose to the swing, no, even from the mere presence of the sword of repression. How to cite Wielding the Sword of Truth, Papers

Friday, December 6, 2019

British Imperialism Essay Research Paper Why India free essay sample

British Imperialism Essay, Research Paper Why India? Why Then? The history of Asia in the 17th, 18th, and nineteenth century is centered around the great impact of European imperiums. States such as France, The Netherlands, and Britain significantly impacted many port metropoliss in Asia. One state, India, foremost lost many port metropoliss such as Calcutta to the British and finally the full state. There were many factors that led to this conquering of districts, including economic, societal, and political factors. The most of import factor taking to the conquering of districts in India were the political actions of both the Mughal imperium, and Britain. India, before the presence of European states was chiefly ruled by the Mughal imperium. They were centered in Delhi lying in the northern portion of the state off from the ocean. For a important part of history the Mughals were one of the most powerful imperiums in all of Asia, but as will be shown, the Mughal political system was in serious decay when the British arrive. Many of these political jobs straight led to the British s business of districts in India. One job with the Mughal imperium was its deficiency of control and ordinance of its port citations. The Mughal Empire chose to concentrate its economic system about entirely on agricultural production, worrying really small about the trading industry. With small control on the port metropoliss before the reaching of the British, it was really easy for British companies to set up a little bridgehead with minimum intervention from the Mughals. This deficiency of intervention allowed the British to put up garrisons, and storage installations, and develop the ports in to a British manner trading system. C.A. Bayly, writer of Imperial Meridian goes to great lengths to explicate this agro-centered economic system. He discusses how an implied contractual understanding between an intermediary and a swayer, helped to excite the growing of gross farming. This addition in gross agriculture, and therefore an addition in net income positive Indian swayers to concentrate on agribusiness and accord ingly, port metropoliss were slackly supervised. The 2nd alteration in the political relations of the Mughals that led to British conquering was a lessening in the power of the cardinal authorities. Bayly goes to great length to demo how the local governors began to take a much more powerful function. First, he discusses the legion tribal jailbreaks that occurred on the peripheries of the Mughal district. Although this doesn t straight affect the British, it is of import because it shows a weakening in the cardinal authorities. To further this statement, Bayly explains that the deficiency of a old cheques and balances system giving even more independency to local links of power. Again this shows that the Mughals, in such desperation, ended a really of import system which helped forestall the fusion of smaller authoritiess inside the imperium. Finally he discusses how the addition in the complexnesss of society made it more and more hard for leaders to command the fringes of their districts. The impact of this decreasing cardinal au thorities is rather important. It demonstrates that the British could increase their foothold by working with friendly local leaders, and non Mughal swayers who were consumed with keeping the authorities together, and contending off tribal jailbreaks. In add-on, these local swayers were more legion and less affluent than the swayer doing them more susceptible to the promise of a portion of the wealth. Finally, Bayly discusses the competition between local leaders as a cause for the rise of British imperialism in India. This competition led many leaders to side with the British and back up them, merely to ache a rival organisation. This allowed the British to play one side against the other and utilize the competition to profit them. Many local leaders signed pacts or contracts which the British merrily accepted, and used the fullest extent. This meant that British companies were supported by local authoritiess and hence given particular privileges, which were easy abused. Slowly, Br itish commercial organisations, such as the English East India Company ( EEICo. ) , began to play a greater and greater political function. This culminated in 1765 when the EEICo. was granted diwani, or the power to revenue enhancement. After that period, the EEICo. played the major function in the authorities of a district in India. All three of these political alterations and jobs had a important function in the conquering of Indian districts. The 2nd and other important factor in the conquering of land by the British was the Po litical political orientation of Britain itself. Many of these factors are economic, but they illustrate the rules of the British authorities. These beliefs, though economic demonstrate the political determinations of both the British authorities, and the EEICo. when they took active political functions. The economic determinations of British authorities explains a great trade about the political system of Britain, including its primary aims. In add-on, one can look at the EEICo. in the same visible radiation. Although it was a commercial company, easy, its political influence increased. The chief political system of Britain in the 17th, and eighteenth century was mercantile system. This was a belief that helped get the better of Britain s defects. Bing a state with few natural stuffs such as silk, spices, and metal ores, Britain needed districts in the parts of the universe with such natural stuffs. Besides, due to its little population in relation to the sum of finished goods it could bring forth, Britain needed foreign markets in which to sell the immense excess of natural goods. These to jobs made India, like many other districts across the Earth, a perfect solution for Britain. By set uping a bridgehead in India, Britain could hold a direct trade with the natural stuffs found in India. In add-on, they could utilize India as a market to sell its finished goods, many of which were made from the natural stuffs found in India. This policy of maximising trade encouraged actions such as puting ports and subscribing trade understandings. Another implicit in belief of the British Crown was that of greed and haughtiness. The British authorities was looking to do a batch of money no affair the fortunes, and they felt they had a about Godhead right to make so. This promoted the EEICo. to utilize mendacious concern patterns, without a contemptuous oculus from the British Crown. The British were obsessed with deriving a favourable balance of trade by annexing as many settlements as possible and utilizing each one as strictly a beginning of natural stuffs and port for finished goods. The EEICo. gave no regard to the authoritiess already in topographic point in those parts, and easy looked to derive a political function. The British Crown, though non interested in a political coup detat of India, had few jobs with a commercial corporation like the EEICo. deriving a prima political function in a foreign state. This similar many other maltreatments done by the EEICo. were overlooked at the chance of a richer and more powerful Britain. The other political political orientation principal to Britain s grant of political power was one of societal Darwinism. The British Crown believed that it possessed more governmental intelligence therefore justifying the responsibility of EEICo. to be altering the Indian political system which the British Crown thought to be inferior. The EEICo. was besides motivated into a political function of India by a passion for net income. Though some of the grounds included nescient audaciousness to presume that it was in the Indian s best involvement to organize British manner political relations, the bulk of the ground to for the political function was to protect their fiscal involvements and finally do money. Bayly explains, that after diwani was granted to the British, they began to revenue enhancement Indians while supplying no authorities services such as a tribunal system. Although the British Crown pressures the EEICo. into naming a governor who reports, the purposes were non rather honest. The chief ground for this force per unit area was to forestall rich merchandisers from returning to Indian wealthy without paying the proper revenue enhancements. Another motivation was retaliation. British politicians urged an onslaught on the Nawabs, who were the governing power in Calcutta during the British enlargement, afte r the Black Hole incident. The Black Hole incident occurred when the opinion Nawabs invaded Calcutta and took surety many EEICo. soldiers. After larning of the hapless intervention of British captives of war during the onslaught, the British Crown supported the onslaught on the local provincial leader. All of these political actions helped spur the enlargement by the British into foreign parts. These political motives helped warrant the colonisation to being more than about lone money. The British used political relations to procure their economic involvement and addition additions. It is rather apparent that the British conquering in India was due to a combination of the ruin of incumbent Mughal imperium and the political economic political orientations which spurred enlargement by commercial companies. Both of these events combined sealed the destiny of the native Indians, and allowed the British to take control of the state for about 200 old ages.

Friday, November 29, 2019

Touro University International Essays (336 words) -

Touro University International James L. White ACC 501 Module 5, Session Long Project Dr. Paul R. Watkins INTRODUCTION The purpose of this report is to use my organization to identify a product or service in my organization that could use Activity Based Costing. I will then identify at least two activities for Activity Based Costing and the appropriate cost drivers for those activities. I will estimate the application rates for each cost driver. By discussing this topic I hope to provide the reader with some insight on the name and nature of my organization, the activity and time period I used, the inputs I used, my results and any implications from my results. I will conclude this report with a brief summary of the entire analysis, highlighting some of the most significant parts that the report contains. THE ORGANIZATION As I have mentioned in the past modules my job involves training, medical billing, cost center management, medical terminology, military medical readiness, aero medical evacuation, medical health records, patient eligibility, Health Insurance Portability Accountability Act (HIPAA), safety, customer service, Medical Expense and Performance Reporting System (MEPRS), equipment and supplies. Using the fiscal year 2005 resource report for Sheppard Air Force Base Medical Center I will be using supplies and equipment as my service. The medical center deals with massive amounts of supplies and equipment ranging from staplers to x-ray machines. The two activities for this service will be materials purchasing and material handling. The appropriate cost driver for materials purchased is the number of purchased orders and the appropriate cost driver for materials handled is the number of materials demanded. |Activity |Cost driver | |Materials |the number of purchased| |purchasing |orders | |Materials |the number of materials| |handled |demanded | CONCLUSION Using Activity Based Counseling in the medical center is important because it shows actual cost, facilitates better decision making with scarce resources, and shows the cost consequences of resource management decisions. If a company wants to reduce cost they must know more about current cost. Activity Based Costing will provide you with valuable insight into cost and performance within your organization for continuous improvement for present and future endeavors.